Suicide data

Sources

Suicides in England and Wales: 2019 registrations

Data published: 1 September 2020

  • In 2019, there were 5,691 suicides registered in England and Wales, an age-standardised rate of 11.0 deaths per 100,000 population and consistent with the rate in 2018. The age-standardised suicide rate in England was 10.8 deaths per 100,000 population (5,316 deaths). This is consistent with the rate observed in 2018 (10.3 deaths per 100,000) and is the highest rate seen since 2000.
  • Around three-quarters of registered deaths in 2019 were among men (4,303 deaths), which follows a consistent trend back to the mid-1990s.
  • The England and Wales male suicide rate of 16.9 deaths per 100,000 is the highest since 2000 and remains in line with the rate in 2018; for females, the rate was 5.3 deaths per 100,000, consistent with 2018 and the highest since 2004.
  • Males aged 45 to 49 years had the highest age-specific suicide rate (25.5 deaths per 100,000 males); for females, the age group with the highest rate was 50 to 54 years at 7.4 deaths per 100,000.
  • Despite having a low number of deaths overall, rates among the under 25s have generally increased in recent years, particularly 10- to 24-year-old females where the rate has increased significantly since 2012 to its highest level with 3.1 deaths per 100,000 females in 2019.
  • As seen in previous years, the most common method of suicide in England and Wales was hanging, accounting for 61.7% of all suicides among males and 46.7% of all suicides among females.
  • When looking at patterns of suicide by age, since the early 1980s rates have increased with age peaking among the middle-aged (45 to 54 years). Rates then decrease until the ages of 80 to 84 years, from which they begin to rise.
  • Suicide rates tend to increase in the oldest age groups for both males and females. Many factors contribute to this widely seen phenomenon around the world (for more information, see Suicide in Older Adults) such as psychiatric illness, deterioration of physical health and functioning, and social factors.

Suicides in England and Wales by local authority

Data published: 1 September 2020

  • The number of deaths and age-standardised suicide rates for local authorities are calculated as rolling three-year aggregates, so the latest analysis is 2017-19.
  • The Office for National Statistics has not published this local authority data by sex or age band.

Suffolk analysis

  • The age-standardised rates for Suffolk and its lower tier local authorities are in line with the figures for the three-year aggregates for 2016-18 – there has not been a significant change. (Figures 2-6)
  • There is no significant difference between the three-year age standardised rates for England (10.1, upper confidence limit UCL 10.3, lower confidence limit LCL 9.9), the East (10.5, UCL 11.0, LCL 10.0), and Suffolk (9.5, UCL 10.9, LCL 8.2).  (Figure 1)
  • The suicide rate for West Suffolk is 6.9 per 100,000 population (UCL 9.8, LCL 4.7). This is significantly lower than England, and than the East. (Figure 1)
  • There is no significant difference between the rates for other Suffolk lower tier local authorities and England, the East, or Suffolk. (Figure 1)

Figure 1: Age-standardised suicide rates for Suffolk’s local authorities,  three-year aggregate 2017-19, compared to England and the East, with confidence limits

Chart showing no significance difference in rates for England, East and Suffolk local authorities - EXCEPT West Suffolk is significantly lower than England and East

There has been some variation over time (Figures 2-3), however the changes between the three-year aggregates for Suffolk local authorities are not significantly different (Figures 4-6).

Figure 2: Age-standardised suicide rates over time, 2002-04 to 2017-19, Suffolk compared to the East and England


Figure 3: Age-standardised suicide rates over time, 2002-04 to 2017-19, Suffolk lower tier local authorities

Figure 4: Age-standardised suicide rates over time, 2002-04 to 2017-19, Suffolk, with confidence limits

Figure 5: Age-standardised suicide rates over time, 2002-04 to 2017-19, Ipswich, with confidence limits

Figure 6: Age-standardised suicide rates over time, 2002-04 to 2017-19, West Suffolk, with confidence limits